Do you know that dry shampoo, nail polish, hair spray, perfumes, things that you need in your everyday lives, are labeled as dangerous goods by the Canadian government and the authorities worldwide?
Well, they are. And if you’re planning to sell these products online, you must know that shipping these hazardous materials comes with many challenges.
You need to manage many risks when transporting and handling these products. If you’re a merchant, you might not need to worry about them. But if you’re a product manufacturer, you must develop an entire shipping strategy.
But to get started, let us first get the basics covered.
Hazmat is a term created from “hazardous materials”. Hazmat shipping consists of a list of protocols you need to follow when shipping and handling these goods to minimize risks.
The regulations define nine classes of hazardous materials.
Class 1: Explosives
Class 1 contains chemically volatile products that explode under certain conditions. They are divided into six divisions and include products such as airbag inflators, fireworks, gun powder, ammunition, and seat belt pretensioners.
Class 2: Gases
Class 2 products contain dangerous gases that are detrimental to the health if inhaled and hazardous to the surface if they make contact. The class has four divisions covering goods ranging from spray cosmetics and bathroom sprays to fire extinguishers.
Class 3: Flammable Liquids
Class 3 contains liquids that inflame when coming into contact with fire. These include products such as gasoline, oil-based paints, paint thinner, and varnish.
Class 4: Flammable Solids
Class 4 contains solid products that ignite when coming into contact with fire. It is further categorized into three divisions that include products ranging from sulfur to sodium batteries.
Class 5: Oxidizers/organic peroxides
Class 5 contains products that are readily oxidized, combusting easily. It has two divisions, including products ranging from nitrate fertilizers to sodium nitrate.
Class 6: Toxic and infectious substances
Class 6 contains products capable of causing death or long-term illnesses in humans if ingested or inhaled. Two divisions of products come under this category, which includes biomedical wastes, nicotine, pesticides, and arsenic.
Class 7: Radioactive materials
Class 7 contains products that can give off ionizing radiation and have specific gravity exceeding 0.002 micrograms.
Class 8: Corrosives
Class 8 contains products that can corrode human skin or any other surface they touch. Drain cleaner, paint stripper, NiCad batteries, mercury thermometer, etc., fall under the Class 8 Hazmat.
Class 9: Miscellaneous Hazmat
This class covers products that are hazardous during shipping but can’t be classified into the above classes. They include dry ice, vehicles, first-aid kits, and Lithium-ion batteries.
Three regulatory bodies oversee the shipping of hazardous materials:
Hazardous materials pose an immense threat to human health and the environment. Since hazmat shipping comes under strict regulations, not following the protocols invites heavy penalties.
In case you’re found to contravene the terms of TDG, you can be charged with
Following are the groups who must comply with the regulations as far as the Transport of Dangerous Goods Regulation is concerned.
However, among the above, it is mostly the consignor ( or shipper) who must adhere to the provisions of the TDG act.
The entities mentioned above need to follow the following regulations:
Following are the steps a consignor must take when shipping hazardous materials:
When it comes to training the personnel to handle hazardous materials, you can’t just pick anyone at random. The TDG Directorate has provided a list of organizations that offer training for handling and shipping dangerous goods.
There are only a few external trainers that you can trust.
Global HazMat is a team of consultants that provides training for Transportation of Dangerous Goods, Workplace Hazardous Material Information Systems, Spill Management, Hazardous Waste, and Chemical Safety. Our team has been instrumental in training many organizations with its company-specific, environmentally sound, thorough, and compliant approach. We go one step further and also deliver consultation services that include auditing, Hazmat and dangerous goods packaging, classification & SDS services, and more. Reach out to us to get started and attain a global presence through compliance.