Every year more than 1.25 million dangerous goods shipments are transported by air. With air cargo growth predicted at 4.9% every year over the next 5 years the number of dangerous goods shipments will rise significantly. With so many dangerous goods being shipped by air, safety regulations must be followed precisely. Airlines, freight forwarders, ground handlers and shippers like you rely on the IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations (IATA DGR) manual every day to make sure dangerous goods are transported safely and efficiently.
The latest edition of IATA’s Dangerous Goods Regulations (DGR) is the 64th edition which is effective from January 1, 2023 to December 31, 2023. In order to prepare for the 2023 changes, airlines, ground service providers, freight forwarders, shippers, airports, and manufacturers amongst others need to learn the current and upcoming regulations for air cargo operations.
SIGNIFICANT CHANGES AND AMENDMENTS IN THE 64TH EDITION (2023)
The 64th edition of the IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations incorporates all amendments made by the ICAO Dangerous Goods Panel in developing the content of the 2023–2024 edition of the ICAO Technical Instructions as well as changes adopted by the IATA Dangerous Goods Board. The following list is intended to assist the user to identify the main changes introduced in this edition and must not be considered an exhaustive listing. The changes have been prefaced by the section or subsection in which the change occurs.
Record of Addendum. Notes have been added to the record of addendum table to clarify that the date entered in the table should be the date that the addendum changes were incorporated into the copy of the DGR and the name entered is that of the person who incorporated those changes.
2.3—Dangerous Goods Carried by Passengers or Crew—The provisions for battery-powered mobility aids (184.108.40.206—220.127.116.11) have been revised to identify that batteries only need be removed when the design of the mobility aid does not provide adequate protection against damage to the battery.
Note: The requirement for mobility aids with spillable batteries (18.104.22.168) to be handled, loaded and stowed upright at all times, or the battery must be removed remains.
2.6—Dangerous Goods in Excepted Quantities—Paragraph 22.214.171.124 has been revised to clarify that a package containing dangerous goods in excepted quantities may also contain goods not subject to the Regulations.
2.8.1—State Variations—The List (2.8.1) and List of State Variations (2.8.2) have been revised to include new States and amended variations for existing States.
126.96.36.199.4 and 188.8.131.52—The classification provisions for self-reactive substances and organic peroxides, respectively, have been revised to fully align to the wording in the UN Model Regulations.
184.108.40.206.3—This paragraph has been revised to clarify that substances or mixtures classified as corrosive must be assigned to Packing Group I if the test results do not indicate a different packing group.
220.127.116.11.1—The requirements of the lithium battery test summary have been revised to remove the need for the test summary for button cells installed in equipment.
There should be no space between UN and the number – ie UN2794
4.2—List of Dangerous Goods
The amendments to the List of Dangerous Goods include:
The amendments to the special provisions include:
New special provisions include:
Table 5.0.B—List of Inner Packagings—Has been amended to remove reference to metal and plastic aerosols (IP7, IP7A, IP7B and IP7C).
PI 203, PI Y203 and PI Y963—Have been revised to remove all details of metal and plastic aerosols (IP7, IP7A, IP7B and IP7C). There is now a standard capacity of 1,000 mL for metal aerosols and receptacles, small containing gas (gas cartridges) and 500 mL for plastic receptacles in line with the provisions of the UN Model Regulations.
PI 220, PI 378 and PI 972—Have been revised to include additional packing requirements identifying that unless the design and construction of the engine or machinery is such that the containment for the dangerous goods is adequately protected then the engine or machinery must be packed in strong outer packagings or fixed in cradles, crates or other handling devices. Additional provisions have been added such that engines or machinery are forbidden for transport if lithium batteries in the engine or machinery are damaged or defective. There is also now a specific reference to engines or machinery that contain pre-production prototype lithium cells or batteries or low production runs of lithium cells or batteries that may be shipped on a cargo aircraft under an approval from the appropriate authority of the State of origin and the State of the operator.
PI 222 and PI 975—Have been added to address the packing provisions for UN3538, Articles containing non-flammable, non-toxic gas, n.o.s. and UN3548, Articles containing miscellaneous dangerous goods, n.o.s., respectively, provided that the articles meet the conditions specified in Special Provision A224 or A225.
PI 870—Has been revised to remove reference to the packing provisions for batteries installed in equipment.
Where batteries are installed in equipment, the correct classification is U3171, Battery-powered equipment and PI 952 applies.
PI 950, PI 951 and PI 952—Have been revised identifying that vehicles are forbidden for transport if lithium batteries in the vehicle are damaged or defective. There is also now a specific reference for vehicles that contain pre-production prototype lithium cells or batteries or low production runs of lithium cells or batteries that may be shipped on a cargo aircraft under an approval from the appropriate authority of the State of origin and the State of the operator.
PI 965 and PI 968—Have been revised to require that each package prepared in accordance with Section IB must be capable of withstanding the 3 m stack test as applies to limited quantity packages.
PI 966, PI 967, PI 969 and PI 970—Section II have been revised to specify that when packages are placed into an overpack that the packages must be secured in the overpack and the intended function of each package must not be impaired by the overpack. This aligns to the general requirements for overpacks specified in 18.104.22.168.
6—Packaging Specifications and Performance Tests
6.1.7—6.1.9—The requirements for aerosols have been deleted.
6.4.1, 6.4.2—The provisions for the design, construction, testing, initial and periodic inspection of cylinders, including UN cylinders have been revised.
6.4.4—The provisions for the test requirements for aerosols and gas cartridges have been revised.
7—Marking and Labelling
22.214.171.124—The lithium battery mark has been revised to remove the requirement for a telephone number to be provided on the mark. There is a transition period until 31 December 2026 during which time the mark shown in the 63rd edition of the DGR may continue to be used.
8.2.1—The transitional period for the dangerous goods statement on the air waybill has been extended by a further two years until 31 December 2024.
9.3.7—The provisions for replacements of labels on packages where the labels are found to be lost, detached or illegible after acceptance have been revised to include a requirement for marks, such as the excepted quantity mark and limited quantity mark to be replaced by the operator.
10.8.3.9.2, Step 6—The wording of Step 6 has been revised to include reference to mixtures of radionuclides for which relevant data are not available and where the shipper has determined the A1 or A2 value using Table 10.3.B that a statement must be added to the Shipper’s Declaration.
10.8.3.9.4—Step 13 has been revised to include reference to mixtures of radionuclides for which relevant data are not available and where the shipper has used Table 10.3.B to determine the appropriate A1 or A2 value that reference must be made to the use of table 10.3.B as well as an indication of the radioactive contents as specified in the first column of table 10.3.B.
Appendix A—There are many changes to the defined terms shown in the Glossary.
Appendix C—There are additions to the list of currently assigned self-reactive substances on Division 4.1 in Table C.1 and to the list of organic peroxides in Table C.2.
Appendix D—Contact details for competent authorities have been updated.
Appendix E—Changes have been made to the list of UN Specification Packaging Suppliers (E.1) and the Package Testing Facilities (E.2).
Appendix F—The list of Sales Agents (F.2) has been revised. IATA Accredited Training Schools (F.3—F.5) have been updated to include entities that have joined the new CBTA Centre Program.
Appendix H—The guidance material on development and implementation of competency-based training for dangerous goods has been removed from the DGR and is now posted on the IATA website as a stand-alone document, www.iata.org/dangerousgoods.
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